It is not events themselves that cause distress, but our understanding of those events. The central belief in CBT is that people become distressed due their unhelpful or negative thinking. It is this negative automatic thinking that helps to maintain distress.
Key features of unhelpful thinking in psychological distress are;
- Thoughts are automatic and often people are unaware of them
- When distressed, automatic thoughts are unhelpful. By this is meant that these thoughts can be negative, self critical, blaming, predicting of the worst case scenario etc.
- They are believable at the time of thinking them.
- Everybody has these unhelpful thoughts and they would upset anybody.
When people become depressed their thinking changes and takes on a selective bias.
People tend to think more about the past and particularly to think about negative things that happened in the past and in particular their role in those negative events. This is what is meant by a selective bias. As a result people begin to think about the present in the same negative way.
It is important to note that almost everyone thinks that only they feel this way, and it can be reassuring to know that this is something that happens to everyone.
The important thing is to begin to notice unhelpful thinking and learn to deal with it, and later when feeling well again to use this skill as a helpful way of preventing relapse.
Click here for some thinking styles from the Get Self Help website.
I am so depressed
I feel so low
No-one likes me
I can’t cope
What’s the point?
I am so angry
I just need someone to talk to
I can’t do this
Great South Run (1)
Event Date: 18/10/2020
The Great South Run was a key date in Jon’s calendar for many years, giving him the motivation to stay fit and try to achieve a personal best each year. Jen, Evie, Eddie and Henry used to love cheering him on, and they now plan to visit Portsmouth and Southsea every year in his memory.<
Hayley's Skydive (1)
Event Date: 20/06/2020
I have suffered from anxiety and depression for many years, and I have overcome many hurdles along the way.
Skydiving is another thing I’d like to do, but this time for a good cause.
I would like to raise awareness of mental health and the impact it has on sufferers and their fa
London Marathon (1)
Event Date: 26/04/2020
Sarah is taking on the iconic London Marathon next year and would really love your support.
Mind in West Essex is a charity I feel very strongly about and am excited to run for. Mental Health affects everyone and sometimes we need just need some support
RED January Alison (1)
Event Date: 01/01/2020
I figured it is time for me to walk the walk as well as talking the talk and when better to do so than as part of RED January.
So to look after both my mental and physical wellbeing and start the year off as I would like to go on I will be walking, cycling, swimming or yoga ing every day i
RED January Frankie (1)
Event Date: 31/01/2020
My name is Frankie and I am 5 years old.
I am going to exercise everyday in January. This will make me healthy! My mummy says it doesn't just keep me physically healthy but also mentally healthy.
Please donate money so I can raise lots and lots!!
Thank you so much
RED January Jo (1)
Event Date: 31/01/2020
After a rocky end to 2019 with my health I am determined to start 2020 mentally and physically healthy. So I am taking on the challenge of RED January. I am going to be active every single day in January.
I cant say that it will be a run every day (because I have three children, a job and